Dr. Sandeep K K Assistant Professor
School of Earth, Ocean and Climate Sciences

Research Interests

Coastal ocean processes, Ocean circulation, Air-sea interactions, Ocean biogeochemistry, Numerical Ocean modelling


Contact Details

  • School of Earth, Ocean and Climate Sciences
  • +919873089558
  • sandeepkk@iitbbs.ac.in

Other Profile Link(s)


 Degree Discipline Year School
  Ph.D. Physical Oceanography 2019 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi







Recent Publications (International Journals)

1Sandeep, K.K., and Vimlesh Pant. "Riverine freshwater plume variability in the Bay of Bengal using wind sensitivity experiments." Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 168 (2019): 104649.
2Sandeep, K.K., Vimlesh Pant, M.S. Girishkumar, and A.D. Rao. "Impact of riverine freshwater forcing on the sea surface salinity simulations in the Indian Ocean." Journal of Marine Systems 185 (2018): 40-58.
3Sandeep K.K. and Vimlesh Pant. “Evaluation of interannual simulations and Indian Ocean Dipole events during 2000-2014 from a basin scale general circulation model”, Pure and Applied Geophysics (2018): 1-25. doi.org/10.1007/s00024-018-1915-9.
4Midhun, M., P.R. Lekshmy, R. Ramesh, Kei Yoshimura, Sandeep K.K., Samresh Kumar, Rajiv Sinha, Ashutosh Singh, and Shalivahan Srivastava. "The effect of monsoon circulation on the stable isotopic composition of rainfall." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123, no. 10 (2018): 5205-5221.
5Jensen, Tommy G., Hemantha W. Wijesekera, Ebenezer S. Nyadjro, Prasad G. Thoppil, Jay F. Shriver, Sandeep K.K., and Vimlesh Pant. "Modeling salinity exchanges between the equatorial Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal." Oceanography 29, no. 2 (2016): 92-101.
6Vinayachandran, P. N., D. Shankar, Siddharth Vernekar, Sandeep K.K., P. Amol, C. P. Neema, and Abhisek Chatterjee. "A summer monsoon pump to keep the Bay of Bengal salty." Geophysical Research Letters 40, no. 9 (2013): 1777-1782.
7Wiggert, J. D., B. N. Armstrong, M. K. Cambazoglu, and K. K. Sandeep (2022), Mid-Breton Sediment Diversion (MBrSD) Assessment - Final Report, 96 pp, The University of Southern Mississippi, DOI: 10.18785/sose.001.(Technical Report)

Recent Publications (National Journals)

1Kurian NP, Hameed TSS, Prakash TN, Sheela Nair L, Thomas KV, Reji Srinivas, Raju D, Ajit Kumar M, Prasad R, Sandeep K.K., Linikrishna KL (2012) Study on depletion of heavy mineral content in the beach washings of IREL, Chavara. Final report submitted to Indian Rare Earths Ltd. by Centre for Earth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, India. (Technical Report)

Conferences (International)

1Jerry Wiggert, Brandy Armstrong, Sandeep K K, Kemal Cambazoglu, Kim De Mutsert, “Developing Modeling Capacity to Reveal How Expanding Freshwater Inputs to Mississippi Sound Impact Environmental Conditions” Bays and Bayous Symposium, Alabama, United States 2023
2Brandy N Armstrong, K. K. Sandeep, M K Cambazoglu, J D Wiggert, “msbCOAWST, a Daily Model to Study Freshwater and Anthropogenic Impacts on the Mississippi Sound and Bight”. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2022
3M K Cambazoglu, Brandy N Armstrong, Scott Milroy, D Bernstein, K. K. Sandeep, J D Wiggert, “Actionable science for natural resource management in Mississippi Sound: A case study with modeling of Bonnet Carre Spillway operations”. AGU Fall Meeting, 2021 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, LA, USA.
4K. K. Sandeep, Brandy N Armstrong, M K Cambazoglu, J D Wiggert, “An assessment of the mixed layer salinity balance in the river-dominated coastal region of northern Gulf of Mexico using a high-resolution numerical model”. AGU Fall Meeting, 2021 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, LA, USA
5K. K. Sandeep, Brandy N Armstrong, M K Cambazoglu, J D Wiggert, “Impact of river discharge on the seasonal variability of salinity in the Mississippi delta region: A modeling approach”. AGU Fall Meeting 2020. AGU, 2020.
6MK Cambazoglu, Brandy N Armstrong, K. K. Sandeep, D Bernstein, JD Wiggert, “Development of a modeling system to study the impact of freshwater diversions on estuarine systems”. Bays and Bayous Symposium, 2020
7K. K. Sandeep and Vimlesh Pant, “Interannual variability of upper-ocean parameters in the Indian Ocean using a regional ocean circulation model”. Ocean Sciences Meeting, Portland, Oregon, USA during 11-16 February 2018.
8K. K. Sandeep and Vimlesh Pant, “Seasonal variability of salinity in the Indian Ocean in response to riverine freshwater forcing using ROMS”. JpGU-AGU Joint meeting 2017, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan, 20-25 May 2017.
9K. K. Sandeep, Vimlesh Pant and A D Rao, “Effect of riverine freshwater discharge in salinity simulations over the northern Indian Ocean”. EGU General Assembly 2017, Vienna, Austria, 23-28 April 2017.
10K. K. Sandeep, Vimlesh Pant and A D Rao, “Sensitivity of the Freshwater Plume to Winds in the Bay of Bengal”. AGU Fall meeting 2016 at San Francisco, USA, 12-16 December 2016.
11Pant Vimlesh, K. K. Sandeep, A. D. Rao and T Arulalan, “Modelling the riverine freshwater transport in the Bay of Bengal, Dynamics of the Indian Ocean: Perspective and Retrospective”, IIOE50, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, 30 November-4 December 2015, IO50-07-0044, p. 255, 2015
12Pant Vimlesh, K. K. Sandeep and Kumar Ravi Prakash, “Freshwater variations in the Bay of Bengal using observations and model simulations”, Open Science Conference on Salinity and Freshwater Changes in the Ocean, Großer Hörsaal, Museum für Völkerkunde, Hamburg, Germany, October 12-15, 2015.
13K. K. Sandeep and Vimlesh Pant, “Simulation of thermohaline and circulation features in the North Indian Ocean”, 3rd International Conference on Hydrology and Meteorology, Hydrol Current Res 2014, 5:4, p. 95, Hyderabad, September 15-16, 2014.

Conferences (National)

1K. K. Sandeep, Vimlesh Pant, A. D. Rao and T Arulalan, “Effect of river discharge in simulation of sea surface salinity using ROMS model”, 4th National Conference of Ocean Society of India, OSICON-15, p. 84, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, March 22-24, 2015.
2K. K. Sandeep, Vimlesh Pant and A D Rao, “Numerical simulation of Indian Ocean climatological features from ROMS model”, Proceedings of National Conference OSICON 2013, pp. 94-97, Role of Oceans in Earth System, IITM Pune, November 26-28, 2013.

Academic Honors & Awards

  • National Eligibility Test (CSIR-NET) (2011).
  • Received IITD doctoral fellowship.
  • Received Student Travel Grant from American Geophysical Union (AGU), USA to attend the 2018 Ocean Sciences Meeting held at Portland, Oregon, USA.
  • Received International Travel Support from the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), India to attend the EGU General Assembly 2017 held in Vienna, Austria.
  • Received the Student Travel Grant from the American Geophysical Union (AGU), USA to attend the JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017 held at Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan.
  • Received International Travel Support from IITD, India to attend the AGU Fall Meeting 2016 held in San Francisco, USA.
  • Received the ‘ASPIRE’ Scholarship provided by the Government of Kerala, India in the year 2011.

Research Scholar

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Professional Experience

Postdoctoral Research Fellow at The University of Southern Mississippi, Stennis Space Center, Mississippi, USA, from November 2019 to October 2023. Research Associate at Indian Institute of technology (IIT) Delhi from February to November 2019. Project Assistant at Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru from February 2011 to December 2012. Junior Research Fellow at National Centre for Earth Science Studies (NCESS), Trivandrum from June 2010 to February 2011.  

Participation in research cruise expedition

Participated in the scientific cruise expedition on board Research Vessel Sagar Nidhi (SN100) as a part of the Ocean Mixing and Monsoon (OMM) programme (2013-2018) of the National Monsoon Mission: in the North Bay of Bengal during 23rd August to 15th   September 2015.

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